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The Five Mother Sauces and Their "Children"

In the 19th Century, French chef Marie Antoine-Carême was the first to organize all the French sauces into groups that were based on four foundational sauces. Later, French chef Auguste Escoffier revised the list and added one more, so that there were now five "mother sauces," which he codified in recipe form in Le Guide Culinaire in 1903. Every classically trained chef can make them by rote, because hundreds if not thousands of sauces are really just these five sauces with other ingredients added to them. Home cooks use them too - if you've made Macaroni & Cheese from scratch, you started with a béchamel. This is a list of the 5 Mother Sauces: Béchamel, Velouté, Espagnole, Hollandaise, and Tomato, and some of the more common and classic examples of sauces based on them.
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1
Béchamel Sauce - Mother
Béchamel Sauce - Mother
2
Cheddar Cheese Sauce
Cheddar Cheese Sauce
3
Cream Sauce
Cream Sauce
4
Curry Sauce
Curry Sauce
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5
Mornay Sauce
Mornay Sauce
6
Mustard Sauce
Mustard Sauce
7
Nantua Sauce
Nantua Sauce
8
Onion Sauce
Onion Sauce
9
Soubise Sauce
Soubise Sauce
10
Velouté Sauce - Mother
Velouté Sauce - Mother
11
Allemande Sauce
Allemande Sauce
12
Aurora Sauce
Aurora Sauce
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13
Bercy Sauce
Bercy Sauce
14
Bordelaise Sauce
Bordelaise Sauce
15
Cardinal Sauce
Cardinal Sauce
16
Hungarian Sauce
Hungarian Sauce
17
Mushroom Sauce
Mushroom Sauce
18
Normandy Sauce
Normandy Sauce
19
Poulette Sauce
Poulette Sauce
20
Shrimp Sauce
Shrimp Sauce
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21
Supreme Sauce
Supreme Sauce
22
Espagnole Sauce - Mother
Espagnole Sauce - Mother
23
Bigararde Sauce
Bigararde Sauce
24
Charcutière Sauce
Charcutière Sauce
25
Chasseur Sauce
Chasseur Sauce
26
Chateaubriand Sauce
Chateaubriand Sauce
27
Demi-Glace
Demi-Glace
28
Diable Sauce
Diable Sauce
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29
Lyonnaise Sauce
Lyonnaise Sauce
30
Madeira Sauce
Madeira Sauce
31
Marchand De Vin Sauce
Marchand De Vin Sauce
32
Mushroom Sauce
Mushroom Sauce
33
Port Sauce
Port Sauce
34
Robert Sauce
Robert Sauce
35
Hollandaise Sauce - Mother
Hollandaise Sauce - Mother
36
Béarnaise Sauce
Béarnaise Sauce
37
Choron Sauce
Choron Sauce
38
Dijon Sauce
Dijon Sauce
39
Foyot Sauce
Foyot Sauce
40
Grimrod Sauce
Grimrod Sauce
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